PRISM Team-Based Care Delivery
Team-based care is defined as "patient care that is coordinated across professionals, facilities, and support systems; continuous over time and between visits; tailored to the patients' needs and is coordinated across professionals, facilities, and support systems; continuous over time and between visits; tailored to the patients’ needs and preferences; and based on shared responsibility between patient and caregivers for optimizing health." (Sara Singer, Medical Care - 2012)
It is important to note that there is no mention of the health care professional's place of work. Also, there is a shared responsibility for care between the patient and all health care professionals. Team-based care is continuous over time, happens between scheduled health care visits, and occurs outside the walls of a physician’s office, hospital, or emergency room.
Team-based care includes the patient and/or family caregivers as integral members of the team. In addition, the clinical care team for a given patient consists of the health professionals – physicians, advance practice registered nurses, other registered nurses, physician assistants, pharmacists, and other health care professionals – with the training and skills needed to provide high-quality, coordinated care services specific to the patient’s clinical needs and circumstances. Many pharmacists will establish collaborative practice agreements with prescribers to increase the efficiencies of team-based care and formalize practice relationships between pharmacists and collaborating prescribers.
The work on PRISM partners in proposing, studying, advocating for, and certifying pharmacists to engage in new models of care is critical to establishing team-based care delivery.